In recent years, Brazil has improved its environmental legislation and several initiatives were put in place to combat climate change, which has led to significant emission reductions. The Amazon Region Protected Areas Program (ARPA) encompasses 60 million hectares of protected areas and the estimated impact of ARPA alone will prevent the emission of 430 million tons of carbon by 2030. Another example is the Marine Protected Areas Program – a pioneer initiative that is expected to triple marine protected areas along Brazil's coast.
Illegality | Illegal entry into the United States is overwhelmingly a post-1965 and Mexican phenomenon. For almost a century after the adoption of the . Constitution, no national laws restricted or prohibited immigration, and only a few states imposed modest limits. During the following 90 years, illegal immigration was minimal and easily controlled. The 1965 immigration law, the increased availability of transportation, and the intensified forces promoting Mexican emigration drastically changed this situation. Apprehensions by the . Border Patrol rose from million in the 1960s to million in the 1970s, million in the 1980s, and million in the 1990s. Estimates of the Mexicans who successfully enter illegally each year range from 105,000 (according to a binational Mexican-American commission) to 350,000 during the 1990s (according to the . Immigration and Naturalization Service).
Students whose parents are not in the Foreign Service are eligible to participate if they are in grades nine through twelve in any of the fifty states, the District of Columbia, the . territories, or if they are . citizens attending high school overseas. Students may be attending a public, private, or parochial school. Entries from home-schooled students are also accepted. Previous first-place winners and immediate relatives of directors or staff of the AFSA and Semester at Sea are not eligible to participate. Previous honorable mention recipients are eligible to enter. $2,500 to the writer of the winning essay, in addition to an all-expense paid trip to the nation’s capital from anywhere in the . for the winner and his or her parents, and an all-expense paid educational voyage courtesy of Semester at Sea.