To our knowledge, this loophole is unique in the world. The Charter basically says that every person is guaranteed equality and freedom, but that the Government of Canada or of any of the provinces can withdraw them at any time by simply passing restrictive legislation. They would have to declare that the legislation is in direct conflict with the charter, and they would have to renew the legislation every five years. When the Charter was introduced in the early 1980's, former Prime Minister, Pierre Trudeau called the " not withstanding " clause a tainted compromise. Former Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said that it reduced the worth of the Charter to that of a piece of scrap paper.