Building a culture of learning means putting learning at the centre of classroom interactions. Explicit instruction is a powerful way to create a classroom environment that not only values but also demonstrates that learning is the focal point of the talk encountered in classroom literacy lessons. It liberates students to control and monitor their own learning by connecting them to their learning through focused talk. Effective teachers act in the knowledge of their learners and respond authentically to their contributions and learning needs. Furthermore explicit teaching actively enables students’ new learning to be informed by what they know enhancing the transfer and application of skills and knowledge across the key curriculum areas. Teachers and students are then able to act in the knowledge of what they are doing and why in order to mutually accomplish purposeful teaching and learning.